The United States and the other powers who signed the infamous "Iran deal" are in a major bind.
Former President Obama wanted a world without nuclear weapons, and the 2015 nuclear weapons agreement with Iran had the intention of rolling back the Iranian nuclear program and setting up a stringent compliance program. But however well intentioned Obama's policies were, they haven't stopped Iran from continuing to make aggressive moves that violate the spirit of the agreement and taking advantage of concessions that have rendered Ayatollah Khamenei, the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), and the Quds Force more dangerous than ever.
These Iranian entities now have a "Shia crescent," fortified with Iranian generals, Shia militias, and Hezb'allah enforcing the new Middle East. The architect and face of Tehran's Middle East ambitions and newfound global clout is General Qassem Soleimani, whom U.S. officials credit with thousands of American soldiers deaths. It's uncertain if General Soleimani controls Iran's cyber-attacks on the west, but the U.S. Justice Department in late March charged: "nine Iranians and an Iranian company for attempting to hack into hundreds of universities worldwide, dozens of companies, and parts of the U.S. government, on behalf of Tehran's government." The Justice Department described the attacks as "one of the largest state-sponsored hacks ever prosecuted."
Here's what decades of Iranian aggression, Western appeasement, and believing that Iran will integrate into the world community has wrought. Iran went all in to save Assad against democracy-seeking rebels in Syria, and according to Foreign Affairs:
Roughly 400,000 people have been killed, 5.5 million have fled Syria, and 6 million are internally displaced. The UN estimates 13 million Syrians need humanitarian assistance.
The Iran nuclear deal was supposed to curb these hegemonic behaviors and lead to economic integration. Instead, an Iranian airline under U.S. sanctions violated the nuclear agreement by "ferrying weapons and fighters into Syria repeatedly and bought U.S.-made jet engines and parts through Turkish front companies, investigators said in a mid-February recent government filing."
And Syria is only getting worse. Intelligence has surfaced that U.S. officials are now monitoring regional reports that, with Iranian assistance:
North Korea has neared completion of the construction of an underground military base located near Qardaha in Syria, the hometown of President Assad, that could be used for advanced weaponry and nuclear-related work.
Moreover, Syrian news outlet Zaman Al Wasi has reported that "according to satellite images and a military source the underground facility has been under construction since the beginning of the Syrian revolution in March 2011." The U.S. State Department has monitored and condemned North Korea for providing Assad with chemical weapons while knowing that Iran is the main supporter, along with its proxy, Hezb'allah, of the Syrian regime.
Geopolitical realism leads one to infer that the recent Trump-Netanyahu meeting wasn't about working toward Israeli-Palestinian peace or a solution to Syria; instead, it was "how to show a common front versus Iran." These are only some of the issues with Iran that have made President Trump want to completely change or scrap the 2015 nuclear deal entirely. Israel and the U.S. are also attempting to come up with a cogent, proportional response to Iran's recent threats against Israel, Tel Aviv, and Netanyahu along with Iran's lethal ballistic missile program.
The bone-chilling scenario is where Israel backs up its "never again" slogan over the Holocaust and decides to use nuclear weaponry as a first strike option against Iran. Never again means never again, and "the epicenter of genocidal Jew-hatred" begins in Iran.
It was the West, led by the Obama administration, that erupted these troubles through cutting off crippling sanctions for engagement at all costs – fromknowing and allowing Osama bin Laden, his family, and his close associates safe haven and passage in and out of Iran to "the Obama administration hobbling a covert initiative (by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency) that tracked Hezb'allah's web of criminal activities, allowing millions of dollars to fall into the hands of Iran-backed militias," according to a Politico report.
Further, an effort by former President Obama to bury Iran-sanctioned Hezb'allah activities was born of the desire for a historic presidential legacy that a nuclear deal with Iran would produce. The former administration also paid Iran $1.7 billion to release five Americans held by Iran, and the regime was allowed to do this without any repercussions. Even worse, according to The Washington Times, the U.S. government discovered that the money ended up, "with Hezbollah, and the Quds Force, which has an extensive history of state-sponsored terrorism, and Houthi rebels in Yemen fighting the Saudi monarchy and government."
Energy is where Western officials have some of their greatest concerns. The U.S., Britain, France, and Germany are working to amend the Iran deal over worries that Iran's recalcitrant actions will drive up oil prices. Trump nominating hawkish Iran skeptic John Bolton as his new national security adviser doesn't bode well for lower energy prices. Nor does Iran's "elaborate oil sanction-skirting scheme" alleviate fears that Iran is using its oil and natural gas reserves as a weapon the way Russia weaponized state-run oil company Rosneft. Bloomberg did an extensive story on Iran skirting oil sanctions here.
Returning to Hezb'allah, Iran, and Israel, Hezb'allah secretary general Hassan Nasrallah in a televised address in late February warned Israel about its claim to an oil and gas field off the southern coast of Lebanon called Block 9. Nasrallahsaid, "Hezbollah could disable Israel's offshore oil installations within hours." With oil and natural gas being the backbone of world and Middle Eastern economies, this type of inflammatory rhetoric has caused Israel to warn Lebanon, Iran, Hezb'allah and international oil and gas companies from participating in any activity that doesn't recognize Israel's maritime rights and territorial waters. Hezb'allah activists in Lebanon are now fanning the flames over these disputed oil and gas sites that could cause another war to break out between Hezb'allah and Israel and spike oil and gas prices to levels not seen since 2014, when $100-a-barrel oil was the norm.
But whom do you believe about Iran's actions since before and after the nuclear deal? On one side is Vali Nasr, dean of advanced international studies at John Hopkins University, who writes:
Iran's willingness to engage with the US over its nuclear program showed it is driven by hardheaded calculations of national interest, not a desire to spread its Islamic Revolution abroad.
Then there is Mohammed al-Sulami, a Saudi columnist who has a Ph.D. in Iranian studies. He disagrees with Dean Nasr: "exporting Iran's revolution is a pleasant euphemism for regional chaos."
What we know is that among the battlefields of Syria, Iraq, Yemen, and parts of Saudi Arabia, along with Hezb'allah's influence in the global drug trade and illicit weaponry sales, Iran is the central figure.
Unless confronted, Iran will eventually split apart the Middle East. Iran could be welcomed into the world community and flourish immediately with its young, literate, and highly educated population. Instead, it chooses authoritarian rule cloaked in religion – all in the name of stability that does nothing to loosen its iron-fisted governance.
Iran will never change until its Islamic regime is put on the dustbin of history. Here's sincerely hoping it doesn't come to total war among the U.S., NATO, Iran, Israel, Middle Eastern Sunni nations, and all parties interested in the outcome.